This most moving and eloquent article was released today by ‘Etrat Internet University. Though rather lengthy, I felt it was important to post here for so many reasons: as we enjoy and honour the days of celebration that signify the birth anniversary of Lady Fatimah Zahra (A.S), this was one of the most fitting tributes I had ever read on her life, death and the invaluable legacy she left behind for all mankind. The article talks about the secrets left by Lady Fatimah (A.S), which, if written about in their entirety would fill this blog a billion times over! part of the spiritual journey one goes through when discovering lady Fatimah (A.S), is uncovering the secrets that are specific to you as an individual follower of her’s (A.S). I’ve recently been involved in preparing an interfaith conference celebrating the blessed life of Lady Fatimah (A.S), and we are blessed to have people from all of the main faith traditions taking part. Not only are they speaking about their own beliefs, but each of them will be reflecting on the life of lady Fatimah (A.S), from the perspective of their own religion. Few Muslims are even acutely aware of Lady Fatimah (A.S) in their own tradition, let alone within other faiths, but such an example illustrates to us that she is truly an example to follow, an unfaltering light for all people, all times and all faiths that dwell upon this earth. Lady Fatimah (A.S) left her great tasbih, a name that carries great comfort, tranquillity of heart and shifa from mental torture. She left behind the gate of knowledge, that is her husband, Imam Ali (A.S), she left a daughter, who embodied the grace, eloquence and confidence of both parents, and 2 sons who defined spirituality, sacrifice, and elevation in every sense.
What makes this article unique, is that most of the references used within it are taken from the suni sources, thus refuting claims that Fatimah (A.S) is no more than a myth fuelled by the shia. Moreover it is an accessible document, easily understood by non-Muslims, and also by those wishing to understand how/why the shia/suni divide came to be. For those of us who know Al-Zahra (A.S), this is an apt reminder of her rank, status and importance, and how we must honour and uphold her legacy in order to be considered worthy of being called her followers. For those of us who don’t know her, it is an opportunity to gain an overview of her extraordinary blessed life, and a chance to delve deeper in to her secrets for our betterment: both in this life and in the next, Insha Allah!
By Freda B. Stauffer.
Oh Allah send blessings on Fatimah and her father,
her husband and her sons, and the secret installed in her.
The secrets mentioned in this article are really no longer secrets; however, they were secrets at the time when Lady Fatimah and her family were still on
this earth, may Allah bless them. If it is still a secret from us, we are either her enemies or in need of further education. There are a few good ways
to begin refreshing our memories about her secrets. We may do this by recalling her positions in Islam, within her family, who are her enemies and who
are her friends. Her secrets are open, easy to discover, and an example for us all.
Lady Fatimah, The Hadith of The Cloak (Hadith al-KasA’), MubAhalah, Fadak, The Two Weighty Things (Thaqalain)
The position of Lady Fatimah in the Hadith of the cloak shows that her level of purity was equal to the four male members of her relatives, her father,
her husband and her two sons, al-Hasan and al-Hussein, peace be upon them all. Furthermore, the hadith of the cloak also proves a woman’s position in her
family as well as in Islam. Her inheritance, a property called Fadak, was a pivotal issue in defining who were her friends and who were her enemies after
her father passed away. After her father had departed from this life, and her inheritance was usurped, she gave a public sermon in the Mosque to remand
those who oppressed her. The biggest secret of all was that on his death bed her father bestowed in her the secret that she was the chief of all believing
women. The biggest secret is supported by the Hadith of the Cloak, The Event of MubAhalah and the Thaqalain (“The Two Weighty Things”) Hadith. Her participation
in The Event of MubAhala and her position in the Thaqalain Hadith also uphold her position in her family and in Islam. Her examples are lessons for us
all to learn from. We may especially learn what pious women’s positions in their families and societies should be. These are all topics we are generally
well acquainted with, never-the-less, each topic deserves to be repeated again. Recalling the merits and special attributes of this great Lady enriches
our relationship with Prophet Muhammad and his family and enhances our faith in Allah. May peace be upon her and her family.
HADITH OF THE CLOAK
The hadith of the cloak is narrated primarily by Aisha, one of the wives of the Prophet. This hadith is found in Sahih Muslim’s chapter on The Merits of
the Family of the Prophet (pbuh). It describes exactly who is Ahl ul-Bayt or Prophet Muhammad’s household. The members of Ahl ul-Bayt are five, Lady Fatimah;
her father, Prophet Muhammad; her husband, the first Imam, 'Ali; her first son, and the second Imam, al-Hasan; her second son, and the third Imam, al-Hussain.
The Hadith is translated as follows:
'A'isha reported that Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) went out one morning wearing a striped cloak of the black camel's hair that there came Hasan
b. 'Ali. He wrapped him under it, then came al-Hussain and he wrapped him under it along with the other one (al-Hasan). Then came Fatimah and he took her
under it, then came 'Ali and he also took him under it and then said: Allah only desires to take away any uncleanliness from you, O people of the household,
and purify you a thorough purifying.(1)
An interesting detail of this hadith is that Lady Fatima was taken under the cloak before her husband, Imam 'Ali was invited under its umbrella. While this
point may or may not be relevant to any grand scheme of the picture, it does show that she was as important to the family as the men. Without her, her
husband would not have fathered the descendants of Prophet Muhammad. This brings another subtle subject to mind, that is, the significance of matrilineal
bloodlines in Islam. Lady Mary, mother of Jesus is another example of the significance of matrilineal bloodlines, peace be upon her and her son. The holy
bloodline of Islam, however, is a lengthy topic which deserves its own article. Nonetheless, it is hinted at through the order in which the members of
Ahl ul-Bayt were invited under the cloak. This may be one of the deeper secrets which permeate the history of Lady Fatimah.
This Sunni hadith of the cloak is further supported by a Quranic revelation. It is important to note that translations of the Quran vary slightly in their
choice of words, since they are largely based on the opinions of the translators. Therefore, it is commendable to compare two or three different translations
to get to the best possible understanding of its meaning when one does not understand Arabic. At any rate, the Hadith of the Cloak is so deeply entrenched
in Islam that it was mentioned in the following verse from the Quran:
YUSUFALI: And stay quietly in your houses, and make not a dazzling display, like that of the former Times of Ignorance; and establish regular Prayer, and
give regular Charity; and obey Allah and His Messenger. And Allah only wishes to remove all abomination from you, ye members of the Family, and to make
you pure and spotless.
PICKTHAL: And stay in your houses. Bedizen not yourselves with the bedizenment of the Time of Ignorance. Be regular in prayer, and pay the poor-due, and
obey Allah and His messenger. Allah's wish is but to remove uncleanness far from you, O Folk of the Household, and cleanse you with a thorough cleansing.
SHAKIR: And stay in your houses and do not display your finery like the displaying of the ignorance of yore; and keep up prayer, and pay the poor-rate,
and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah only desires to keep away the uncleanness from you, O people of the House! and to purify you a (thorough) purifying.(2)
The fact that this hadith was dignified by being mentioned in the Quran means that believers may not ignore it. Like the hadith, it says that Allah intended
to purify the Prophet Muhammad’s family in a monumental and consequential manner, peace be upon him and his family. Therefore, believers who do not accept
the hadith are not accepting the Quran. This is one of the ways we may differentiate between the enemies and the friends of Lady Fatimah, peace and blessings
be upon her. Point-blank, her friends accept her special status and her enemies deny her special status.
THE EVENT OF MUBAHALAH:
Another meaningful hadith recorded by Ahl al-Sunnah can be found in Sahih Muslim’s chapter on the merits of Imam Ali, may Allah bless him. It mentions the
event of MubAhala, or the event of the challenge. “…when the (following) verse was revealed:" Let us summon our children and your children." Allah's Messenger
(may peace be upon him) called 'Ali, Fitima, Hasan and Husain and said: O Allah, they are my family.”(3) This hadith mentions the time when a community
of Christians from NajrAn challenged Prophet Muhammad’s teachings.(4) Prophet Muhammad recited the Quranic verse which states that Prophet Jesus’ relationship
with Allah is like the relationship of Adam, which is that Allah said to Prophet Jesus, “‘Be,’ and he was.”(5) The Christians did not accept this verse,
therefore, the challenge was issued.
YUSUFALI: If any one disputes in this matter with thee, now after (full) knowledge Hath come to thee, say: "Come! let us gather together,- our sons and
your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves: Then let us earnestly pray, and invoke the curse of Allah on those who lie!"
PICKTHAL: And whoso disputeth with thee concerning him, after the knowledge which hath come unto thee, say (unto him): Come! We will summon our sons and
your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves, then we will pray humbly (to our Lord) and (solemnly) invoke the curse of Allah
upon those who lie.
SHAKIR: But whoever disputes with you in this matter after what has come to you of knowledge, then say: Come let us call our sons and your sons and our
women and your women and our near people and your near people, then let us be earnest in prayer, and pray for the curse of Allah on the liars.(6)
In this verse, and throughout this event, Lady Fatimah, may Allah bless her, represented the Muslim women. She was our delegate, appointed in the Quran,
by Allah Himself. She was surrounded by her family again, her father and sons ahead and her husband behind her. In this way she was able to fully participate
in facing the Christians while being fully protected from the front and the back. One may say that their positions during their walk may not be of any
significance, or that it was a coincidence. However, this is probably not the case. Everything that Prophet Muhammad did had significance, especially on
an occasion as important as the Event of MubAhalah which involved bringing his family to pray against the Christians. The Christians had said to each other
that if Prophet Muhammad comes with his army then he is a liar, but if he brings his family then they would decline the challenge. When they saw the Holy
Family arriving together in this manner they became frightened because they knew that if such people prayed for a mountain to be moved, it would happen.
Therefore the Christians gave up the idea of a praying against the Muslims, and agreed to pay taxes to the Muslims for their protection.(7) The tax they
were required to pay was not so strange. Muslims are required to pay several different types of charity, which may also be viewed as a method of taxation.
Lady Fatimah, may Allah bless her, was the only woman qualified for this task, therefore she was the only one who was invited to participate in praying
against the Christians. If there had been women equal to or better than her, Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, would definitely have taken them also.(7)
The same is true about the men, Imam Ali was the most qualified man to accompany the Prophet in this great challenge. Had their been any man equal to
or better then Imam Ali, Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, would definitely have employed him for this enormous challenge. Asking God to curse the liars
in a public challenge is a monumental and consequential matter. Lady Fatima’s position in this event is no great secret, it is easy to discover and contemplate
if we are at all interested in the matter of her status and character.
TWO WEIGHTY THINGS
The Thaqalain Hadith (“Two Weighty Things”), from Sahih Muslim, provides the basis for two important concepts. One is the order to adhere to two things
after the Prophet, peace be upon him, is gone, the Holy book and his family. The Book of Allah here obviously refers to the Qur’an. His family here refers
to the ones whom he himself raised and trained in all the minute details of Islamic tenets. The second issue in this hadith refers to the fact that his
wives do not have the same religious merits as those related to him by blood. It refers to those who were born in his family and raised on his own knee,
so to speak. Therefore, when he reminded us of our special duties towards his family, he was talking about his blood relations.
“…I am leaving among you two weighty things: the one being the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah
and adhere to it. He exhorted (us) (to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then said: The second are the members of my household I remind you (of your
duties) to the members of my family. He (Husain) said to Zaid: Who are the members of his household? Aren't his wives the members of his family? Thereupon
he said: His wives are the members of his family (but here) the members of his family are those for whom acceptance of Zakat is forbidden. And he said:
Who are they? Thereupon he said: 'Ali and the offspring of 'Ali, 'Aqil and the offspring of 'Aqil and the offspring of Ja'far and the offspring of 'Abbas.
Husain said: These are those for whom the acceptance of Zakat is forbidden. Zaid said: Yes.”(8)
Pages 90 to 92 in the chapter on Fatimah in the Qur’an and Sunnah, in Allamah Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi’s book, The Life of Fatima az-Zahra: the principle
of all women, study and analysis,
c provide many more references for this hadith.(9) It is a hadith that is found across the board in Islamic history. It is in the references of Ahl al-Sunnah
as well as Shia. Lady Fatimah is the one offspring of Prophet Muhammad who lived to maturity, peace be upon them both. Therefore she is the highest example
especially for Muslim women to follow, may Allah bless her. This is also not some deeply buried secret. It is only a secret from those who are satisfied
with being ignorant.
THE SECRET BESTOWED IN HER
There are several references in the collections of Ahl al-Sunnah which clarify the specific secret that Prophet Muhammad bestowed in Lady Fatimah, peace
be upon her. If there had not already been enough evidence of her status revealed, these hadith from `Aisha, would provide it. On his death bed Prophet
Muhammad, peace be upon him, whispered to Lady Fatimah, may Allah bless her and her family. He told her that she is the chief, principle, mistress or the
head of the believing women, depending on which translation one refers too.
Once Fatima came walking and her gait resembled the gait of the Prophet . The Prophet said, "Welcome, O my daughter!" Then he made her sit on his right
or on his left side, and then he told her a secret and she started weeping. I asked her, "Why are you weeping?" He again told her a secret and she started
laughing. I said, "I never saw happiness so near to sadness as I saw today." I asked her what the Prophet had told her. She said, "I would never disclose
the secret of Allah's Apostle ." When the Prophet died, I asked her about it. She replied. "The Prophet said.) 'Every year Gabriel used to review the Qur'an
with me once only, but this year he has done so twice. I think this portends my death, and you will be the first of my family to follow me.' So I started
weeping. Then he said. 'Don't you like to be the mistress of all the ladies of Paradise or the mistress of all the lady believers? So I laughed for that."(10)
He added, 'But this year he reviewed it with me twice, and therefore I think that my time of death has approached. So, be afraid of Allah, and be patient,
for I am the best predecessor for you (in the Hereafter).' " Fatima added, "So I wept as you ('Aisha) witnessed. And when the Prophet saw me in this sorrowful
state, he confided the second secret to me saying, 'O Fatima! Will you not be pleased that you will be chief of all the believing women (or chief of the
women of this nation i.e. my followers?") (11)
“…She said: Yes, now I can do that (so listen to it). When he talked to me secretly for the first time he informed me that Gabirel was in the habit of reciting
the Qur'an along with him once or twice every year, but this year it had been twice and so he perceived his death quite near, so fear Allah and be patient
(and he told me) that he would be a befitting forerunner for me and so I wept as you saw me. And when he saw me in grief he talked to me secretly for the
second time and said: Fatima, are you not pleased that you should be at the head of the believing women or the head of this Umma? I laughed and it was
that laughter which you saw.” (12)
These three hadith not only tell Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her, her direct status in Islam, it also tells her, and us, that she is the first believer
to follow Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, into the hereafter. These reports also show that the Prophet, peace be upon him and his progeny, selected
her from all the women in his family to tell her a special secret on his death bed. No other woman, no wife, aunt or anybody else, is reported to have
enjoyed such a distinguished experience. Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her, was the one honored thus. She, may Allah bless her, only lived a short time after
that, various historians believe she lived perhaps three months and no more than six months after her father passed away. She, may Allah bless her, was
martyred as narrated by Imam Sadiq, may Allah never give her murderers or their friends peace!
A PROPERTY CALLED FADAK, AND LADY FATIMAH’S SERMON
Muslims are familiar with hadiths such as the following, since it has been recorded many times, in different ways: Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama: Allah's
Apostle said, "Fatima is a part of me, and he who makes her angry, makes me angry."(13) It is an important warning to all Muslims, not to offend Lady Fatimah,
peace be upon her. Not only because she is the Prophet’s, peace be upon him and his progeny, only daughter, but because she is also one of the purified
members of his household. As noted previously, their special purification is even mentioned in the Holy Quran itself. Therefore, angering her is not similar
to angering a random woman who would become angry for random and small reasons. It would take an atrocity to anger this great Lady and doing so would incite
the anger of her father, who was also not an ordinary father, but the pure Prophet of Allah!
The hadith below is significant to our case that Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her, had a right to an inheritance from her father. It establishes the fact
that a father must leave some of his property to his offspring, “leave his heirs prosperous is better than to leave them poor and begging from people,”
even if they have only one daughter. As far as the amount goes, the Holy Book always overrides hadith because narrations come from word of mouth, which
may or may not be one hundred percent correct.
Humaid b. 'Abd al-Rahman al-Himyari reported from three of the sons of Sa'd all of whom reported from their father that Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon
him) visited Sa'd as he was ill in Mecca. He (Sa'd) wept. He (the Holy Prophet) said: What makes you weep? He said: I am afraid I may die in the land from
where I migrated as Sa'd b. Khaula had died. Thereupon Allah's Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: O Allah, grant health to Sa'd. O Allah, grant health
to Sad. He repeated it three times. He (Sa'd) said: Allah's Messenger, I own a large property and I have only one daughter as my inheritor. Should I not
will away the whole of my property? He (the Holy Prophet) said: No. He said: (Should I not will away, ) two-thirds of the property? he (the Holy Prophet)
said: No. He (Sa'd) (again) said: (Should I not will away) half (of my property)? He said: No. He (Sa'd) said: Then one-third? Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet)
said: (Yes), one-third, and one-third is quite substanial. And what you spend as charity from your property is Sadaqa and flour spending on your family
is also Sadaqa, and what your wife eats from your property is also Sadaqa, and that you leave your heirs well off (or he said: prospreous) is better than
to leave them (poor and) begging from people. He (the Holy Prophet) pointed this with his hands.(14)
Far is it from Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, to give advice he would not follow himself! Furthermore, the Quran establishes the amount of inheritance
that daughters should receive from their fathers. This is a very important point. Allah would not lay out a law in the Qur’an that the Prophet himself
was exempt from, especially not in regards to justice for his only surviving child, Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her. It is common knowledge that Prophet
Muhammad was the first man in obeying every single law laid out by the Holy Book. Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her, was entitled to an inheritance from
her father, especially because her father is a Prophet, peace be upon him, and also because he is the most obedient to Allah. Let’s have a look at some
examples in the Quran concerning the laws of inheritance. First, the verse that describes how much inheritance an only daughter should receive from her
father: at least half of his property! See the three different English translations in order to understand it more correctly.
YUSUFALI: Allah (thus) directs you as regards your Children's (Inheritance): to the male, a portion equal to that of two females: if only daughters, two
or more, their share is two-thirds of the inheritance; if only one, her share is a half. For parents, a sixth share of the inheritance to each, if the
deceased left children; if no children, and the parents are the (only) heirs, the mother has a third; if the deceased Left brothers (or sisters) the mother
has a sixth. (The distribution in all cases ('s) after the payment of legacies and debts. Ye know not whether your parents or your children are nearest
to you in benefit. These are settled portions ordained by Allah; and Allah is All-knowing, Al-wise.
PICKTHAL: Allah chargeth you concerning (the provision for) your children: to the male the equivalent of the portion of two females, and if there be women
more than two, then theirs is two-thirds of the inheritance, and if there be one (only) then the half. And to each of his parents a sixth of the inheritance,
if he have a son; and if he have no son and his parents are his heirs, then to his mother appertaineth the third; and if he have brethren, then to his
mother appertaineth the sixth, after any legacy he may have bequeathed, or debt (hath been paid). Your parents and your children: Ye know not which of
them is nearer unto you in usefulness. It is an injunction from Allah. Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise.
SHAKIR: Allah enjoins you concerning your children: The male shall have the equal of the portion of two females; then if they are more than two females,
they shall have two-thirds of what the deceased has left, and if there is one, she shall have the half; and as for his parents, each of them shall have
the sixth of what he has left if he has a child, but if he has no child and (only) his two parents inherit him, then his mother shall have the third; but
if he has brothers, then his mother shall have the sixth after (the payment of) a bequest he may have bequeathed or a debt; your parents and your children,
you know not which of them is the nearer to you in usefulness; this is an ordinance from Allah: Surely Allah is Knowing, Wise. (15)
No honest person would claim that this law should not apply to all women, including the Prophet’s own daughter, peace be upon them both. If there is an
obstacle prohibiting her from receiving an inheritance it would be most unjust, because leaving a man’s daughter to beg from people is not liked by Allah,
and especially not the daughter of the Prophet, peace be upon him, who was the best living example of how the Quran is to be implemented. Here are two
verses that show a specific example of a Prophet praying for an heir, because his wife was previously barren:
YUSUFALI: "Now I fear (what) my relatives (and colleagues) (will do) after me: but my wife is barren: so give me an heir as from Thyself,-
PICKTHAL: Lo! I fear my kinsfolk after me, since my wife is barren. Oh, give me from Thy presence a successor
SHAKIR: And surely I fear my cousins after me, and my wife is barren, therefore grant me from Thyself an heir,
YUSUFALI: "(One that) will (truly) represent me, and represent the posterity of Jacob; and make him, O my Lord! one with whom Thou art well-pleased!"
PICKTHAL: Who shall inherit of me and inherit (also) of the house of Jacob. And make him, my Lord, acceptable (unto Thee).
SHAKIR: Who should inherit me and inherit from the children of Yaqoub, and make him, my Lord, one in whom Thou art well pleased.(16)
If no one could inherit anything from a prophet, Prophet ZakariyA would not have prayed for an heir, furthermore, Allah would not have granted his wish
for an heir. However, Allah did grant Prophet ZakariyA’s, peace be upon him, wish for an heir in a son, named YahyA in Arabic, or John in English. Therefore,
the case is fully established that people could, and did, inherit from Prophets. The people who confiscated Lady Fatimah’s, peace be upon her, inheritance
were imposing on her the pre-Islamic practice of disinheriting female children.
One more spin on the subject of how we must deal with Lady Fatimah’s, peace be upon her, inheritance:
YUSUFALI: And come not nigh to the orphan's property, except to improve it, until he attain the age of full strength; give measure and weight with (full)
justice;- no burden do We place on any soul, but that which it can bear;- whenever ye speak, speak justly, even if a near relative is concerned; and fulfil
the covenant of Allah: thus doth He command you, that ye may remember.
PICKTHAL: And approach not the wealth of the orphan save with that which is better, till he reach maturity. Give full measure and full weight, in justice.
We task not any soul beyond its scope. And if ye give your word, do justice thereunto, even though it be (against) a kinsman; and fulfil the covenant of
Allah. This He commandeth you that haply ye may remember.
SHAKIR: And do not approach the property of the orphan except in the best manner until he attains his maturity, and give full measure and weight with justice--
We do not impose on any soul a duty except to the extent of its ability; and when you speak, then be just though it be (against) a relative, and fulfill
Allah's covenant; this He has enjoined you with that you may be mindful; (17)
She, peace be upon her, was an orphan. The Quran orders us never to encroach on the property of an orphan! Consequently, those who seized her property were
breaking the commandments tri-fold. First, they ignored her pure status in Islam and angered her. Second, they chose to overlook the commandment stipulating
the females’ share from her father’s inheritance. Third, her enemies dismissed the requirements, regarding an orphans’ property which are mandated in the
Holy Qur’an itself. The Prophet himself did not know all of the hypocrites that involved themselves with him:
YUSUFALI: Certain of the desert Arabs round about you are hypocrites, as well as (desert Arabs) among the Medina folk: they are obstinate in hypocrisy:
thou knowest them not: We know them: twice shall We punish them: and in addition shall they be sent to a grievous penalty.
PICKTHAL: And among those around you of the wandering Arabs there are hypocrites, and among the townspeople of Al-Madinah (there are some who) persist in
hypocrisy whom thou (O Muhammad) knowest not. We, We know them, and We shall chastise them twice; then they will be relegated to a painful doom.
SHAKIR: And from among those who are round about you of the dwellers of the desert there are hypocrites, and from among the people of Medina (also); they
are stubborn in hypocrisy; you do not know them; We know them; We will chastise them twice then shall they be turned back to a grievous chastisement (18)
This verse states that some people who appeared to be close to the Prophet, peace be upon him, were actually the vilest of hypocrites. Furthermore, he himself
was innocent of knowledge about their identities. Yet, their behavior after his passing away identified some of them very clearly (see Quran, Muhammad
A fourth dimension in the topic of Fadak is that of who can receive sadaqa, a charity Muslims pay in order to have their sins forgiven or to have specific
prayers answered. Sadaqah is usually given to poor Muslims who cannot afford to feed themselves. It is partially established in Hadith Thaqalain (“The
Two Weighty Things”) previously discussed, for whom sadaqa or zakat,
d is forbidden. It is considered unclean for the Prophet’s family, may peace be on them, because it is meant to purge the person making the donation of
his or her sins. Hence, it is not allowed for the purified family to accept a donation from a charity that was inspired to cleanse the impurities from
normal Muslim people. That is what is meant by these two hadiths: “…The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) then lowered his head and said to us:
This sadaqah (zakat) is a dirt of the people. It is legal neither for Muhammad nor for the family of Muhammad…”(19) and “Sadaqah to the family of Muhammad
is not halAl. It is only people's impurities."(20) This means that the Muslims of that time were well aware of the illegality of sadaqah or zakat in regards
to Prophet Muhammad’s family.
Now we have a hadith which is similar to many others, stating exactly what was done to Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her. She approached Abu Bakr repeatedly
to ask for the deed to the property she was to inherit. If it was true that a portion of it was to be donated to charities, then who was more qualified
to perform this obligation than her and the other relatives of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon them?
Fatimah was demanding (the property of) sadaqah of the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) at Medina and Fadak, and what remained from the fifth of Khaybar.
Aisha quoted AbuBakr as saying: The Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) said: We are not inherited; whatever we leave is sadaqah. The family of Muhammad
will eat from this property, that is, from the property of Allah. They will not take more then their sustenance.(21)
We have already established the fact that blood relatives did, in fact, inherit from prophets. We have also established the fact that it is a very bad deed
for a man to leave his progeny to beg from people, and we have also established that taking the property of an orphan is a sin. Now we have another proof
that what was done to Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her, after Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, passed away was a grave act of oppression. Her inheritance
was confiscated and she was refused her property. This would have been bad enough if she was the ordinary daughter of an ordinary Muslim, but she was the
purified daughter from the purified household of the Prophet of Islam! May Allah compensate her for the horrendous tribulations which some members of her
own community, the Muslims, inflicted on her! Why? That is a subject which could fill an entire article by itself, but there is a short version of the
reason why she had to be thus subjugated by the first false caliph. It was mainly because if she had open access to her property she and her husband, Imam
Ali, the rightful first caliph, would potentially have had the financial autonomy with which to take back his rightful position as the first caliph. Knowing
everything he knew about their qualifications and divine appointments, he was forced to deprive them of their property to protect the position of political
power for himself. This is one of the first points at which the split in Islam occurred, it is not something which was invented by Shia later. It was the
initial split between hypocrites and true believers that took place before Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him, was cold in his grave.
Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her, went so far as to issue a public sermon in the mosque about her plight, for men and women all to hear. A group of women
placed a type of barrier between Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her, and the male members of the audience, therefore the men could also hear what she had
to say without ogling her. Her sermon was very eloquent, carefully supported with Quranic references and her arguments were very clear and show an intellectual
alacrity which most people lack. Here is an excerpt from her famous sermon:
O Muslims! Will my inheritance be usurped? O son of Abu Quhafa! Where is it in the Book of Allah that you inherit your father and I do not inherit mine?
Surely you have come up with an unprecedented thing. Do you intentionally abandon the Book of Allah and cast it behind your back? Do you not read where
it says: And Sulaiman inherited Dawood'?
And when it narrates the story of Zakariya and says: `So give me an heir as from thyself (One that) will inherit me, and inherit the posterity of Yaqoob'
And: `But kindred by hood have prior rights against each other in the Book of Allah'
And: Allah (thus) directs you as regards your children's (inheritance) to the male, a portion equal to that of two females' And, If he leaves any goods,
that he make a bequest to parents and next of kin, according to reasonable usage; this is due from the pious ones.' You claim that I have no share! And
that I do not inherit my father! What! Did Allah reveal a (Quranic) verse regarding you, from which He excluded my father? Or do you say: `These (Fatimah
and her father) are the people of two faiths, they do not inherit each other?!' Are we not, me and my father, a people adhering to one faith? Or is it
that you have more knowledge about the specifications and generalizations of the Quran than my father and my cousin (Imam Ali)? So, here you are! Take
Her sermon proves her faith, intellect, and her willingness to speak the truth to her oppressors, rather than run and hide from them. It also underscores
women’s obligation and role in learning and disseminating the knowledge of religion. Muslim women are not meant to be voiceless, and timid subhuman beings.
The example of Lady Fatimah, daughter of Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon them, tells us to speak the truth to our own oppressors.
Our dear beloved leader, head mistress of believing women, Lady Fatimah, may Allah compensate her, did not live long on this earth after her father, peace
be upon him, passed away. In spite of a proliferation of hadith such as the one below from Ahl al- Sunnah’s collection, the Sahih Muslim, the Prophet said:
“Fatima is a part of me. He in fact tortures me who tortures her.”(23) People who called themselves Muslims only for political purposes did just that,
they tortured her, which means they also tortured her father, Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless them both. Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her, went to her
grave without forgiving those enemies of Allah who called themselves Muslims. May her murderers, their supporters, helpers, and friends, never know peace!
The enemies broke into her house, crushing her behind the door. The child in her womb was her fifth, the second Imam, al-Hasan, having been her first and
the second Imam, al-Hussein having been her second, and they had two younger sisters Zainab and Umm Kulthum, peace be upon each of them. Lady Fatimah,
peace be upon her, was approximately nineteen years old at the time when she was murdered (see: Inquiries about Shi’a Islam
Her suffering increased day by day as a result of the injuries she sustained when one of the companions slammed the door on her, two days after her father's
death, causing her to mis-carry her son, Muhsin. When Lady Fatima died, her husband Imam Ali buried her in the night. Only a handful of sincere companions
participated in her funeral and he performed the prayers over her.(24)
As a result of this torture and subsequent miscarriage, Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her, became ill and suffered until she died. Until this day, no one
is sure exactly where is the grave of the chief mistress, the principle, the leader of believing women. There are a few opinions regarding the subject,
however, no one is absolutely certain. The secret of her burial has been well preserved in order to prevent her oppressors, the real enemies of Islam,
from visiting her grave.
All of these secrets are not deeply hidden from believers, they are like her grave, only deeply hidden from hypocrites and non-believers. There may be other,
more subtle secrets evident in her character, her example, her position in her family, and her position in Islam. However, one who sincerely seeks the
truth and desires to please Allah and the Prophet of Islam, peace be upon him, will certainly be informed of Lady Fatimah’s secrets, one by one. May Allah
compensate her for her miseries! In other words, if you are a hypocrite or a non-believer then enjoy your ignorance; but if you are a believer you will
either know Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her, very well already or you are busy seeking to know her better. Learning to know the important Islamic history
and personalities is not optional, it is a duty which all of us must engage in. Learning this history and these personalities will help us develop a relationship
with them and get closer to Allah, insha Allah. Getting closer to Allah is the aim of the efforts of every true believer. There are so many hadiths concerning
Lady Fatimah, peace be upon her, the Hadith of the Cloak, the Hadith Thaqalain, the Event of Mubahalah, the Hadith of Purification, to mention a few. All
of these are so tidily backed up by Quranic evidence, it is rather easy to learn some of the most profound Islamic lessons from her. Her secrets, her friends
and her enemies, and her special status are only a few of the truths that are apparent in her history. Peace be upon her.
All Praises are due to Allah. If there are any mistakes in this article, please forgive me, as my intentions are only to please Allah by learning more about
Islam and share what I have learned with others.